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Kośa is the native tradition of Sanskrit lexicography. The works in this tradition are primarily meant to help poets in composition. The earliest extant Sanskrit lexicographic work is the Nighaṇṭu, a list of Vedic words giving synonyms, rare words, deity names, etc. One of the most important and popular native Sanskrit lexicons is Amarasiṃha's Amarakośa (c. 500 AD), which is for the most part a thesaurus giving synonyms (mainly nouns, adjectives, and indeclinables) together with their gender.

Linguistic Tradition Group